Hypothyroidism, also known as low thyroid, is a dysfunction of the endocrine system in which the thyroid gland does not produce sufficient thyroid hormone thereby slowing down the body’s metabolism thereby leading to major symptoms. The thyroid gland which is located in the front lower part the human neck, releases hormones which travel through ones bloodstream affecting nearly every part of the human body, from the heart to the brain down to the muscles and skin. The thyroid also controls how the human body cells use energy from food, a process known as metabolism. The metabolism in the human body, affects the body’s temperature, heartbeat, and how calories are been burnt. Most people do not usually know they have hypothyroidism until they experience the hypothyroidism symptoms in its later stage. This brief article aims at educating individuals on the various symptoms of hypothyroid. But first we need to be educated on the various causes of this hypothyroidism.
Various Causes Hypothyroidism
Research has it that one of the most common causes of this disease is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Thyroiditis has been described as the inflammation of the thyroid gland, thereby defining Hashimoto’s thyroiditis as an autoimmune disorder. If Hashimoto is present in your body system, your body will most likely produce so many antibodies, these antibodies formed in turn attack and destroy the thyroid gland. A viral infection can also cause Thyroiditis. Other similar causes of hypothyroidism include:
Radiation therapy around or close to the neck region:
As we all know, treating certain cancers, such as lymphoma, requires radiation therapy round the neck region. These radiation damages the cells in the thyroid thereby making it an arduous task for the gland to produce hormone.
Making use of radioactive iodine treatment:
In most cases, this treatment is usually prescribed to people with an overactive thyroid gland, a condition also known as hyperthyroidism. Although this method has been proven to be effective, it however, damages the cells in the thyroid gland thereby leading to hypothyroidism.
Using certain medications
Making use of certain medicines to treat your psychiatric conditions, heart problems and cancer can sometimes affect the production of thyroid hormone. These thyroid hormone produced include amiodarone (Cordarone), interferon alpha, lithium, and interleukin-2.
Undergoing surgery to remove thyroid in most cases, leads to hypothyroidism. If only a fraction of the thyroid is being removed, the left over or un-removed gland may still be able to produce a reasonable amount of enough hormones for the body’s needs.
- Do you feel really tired when you wake up in the morning, even after sleeping for long period of hours?
- Have you put up weight tremendously in the past few months irrespective of the fact that you haven’t changed your eating habits?
- Do feel cold all the time, mostly on your hands and feet?
If your answers to the above questions are positive, then there is the possibility that you may be suffering from hypothyroidism. However, you wouldn’t be so certain until you have gone through the entire list of hypothyroid symptoms listed in this article, checking for signs of hypothyroidism, and having a complete thyroid blood test. This is because human thyroid is responsible for major functions, and can affect most major organs and systems of the body. That’s why there are numerous hypothyroid symptoms. Hypothyroid Symptoms can be very confusing even to a doctor, unless he or she is an endocrinologist, and runs a thorough blood test on the patient.
Listed below are some of the other common Hypothyroidism symptoms
- Weight gain
- Cold hands
- Cold feet
- Hair loss
- Hair dryness
- Brittle nails
- Poor memory/memory loss
- Lack of concentration
- Heavy out pour menstruate fluids
- Low libido
- Loss of the lateral third of the eyebrow
- Thinning of the hair
- Puffiness in the face
- Swollen tongue
- Hoarse voice
- Swollen neck
- Low body temperature
- Swelling under the eyes
In addition to checking for hypothyroid signs and symptoms, you can also check your body temperature. Hypothyroidism in some cases occurs after one has undergone thyroid surgery and chemotherapy. In few occasions, it occurs from using certain medical drugs like lithium, or from getting a viral infection. These Hypothyroidism symptoms typically show themselves gradually over a period of time, and are sometimes confused for natural symptoms of aging. If Hypothyroidism is left untreated, it can cause ones cholesterol levels to rise, thereby increasing ones heart attack and stroke risk and in pregnant women it Hypothyroidism can even cause harm to the baby.
The good news is hypothyroidism can be treated. In fact it is easily treatable with the care of your medical practitioner and some medication.