Prostatitis is normally defined as an infection that affects the prostate. It can also be attributed to an inflammation which has no sign or infection. About 4% to 11% of most of the cases that are recorded are caused by the bacteria infection. This does not increase the rate of getting prostate cancer.
From a very young man to an adult can be affected by Prostatitis. A research done by the National Institutes of Health revealed that, almost 25% of the people who visits hospitals with their problems involving the genital and urinary system are caused by Prostatitis. Most men visits urologists and other specialists because of prostate problems especially those under the age of 50 years. Chronic prostate inflammation can be followed by acute prostate inflammation. There are a number of urinary infections which can have similar symptoms.
Prostatitis is mostly considered as chronic if it does not stop for more than 3 months. Repeated Bladder Infection is the main primary symptom of Prostatitis.
Various Types of Prostatitis
There are basically three main types of Prostatitis which are acute bacterial, chronic non-bacterial and chronic bacterial prostatitis. These three main types are clearly explained below.
- Acute Bacterial Prostatitis: This is a sudden bacterial infection which has been marked by the inflammation of the prostate. The most common type of is the Acute Bacterial Prostatitis which is also the most severe one among the three. Someone who urinates more during the night and feels pains around his pelvis and his genital area can be affected by acute bacterial Prostatitis. Some of the challenges that one faces during urinating are chills, nausea, vomiting and others. This type of Prostatitis requires immediate treatment because it can lead to a severe damage to the prostate and bladder or it can completely block the flow of urine. If it is left untreated, it can cause low blood pressure and can be fatal as well. This can be treated in the hospital by using intravenous antibiotics, fluids and pain relievers.
- Chronic Non – Bacterial Prostatitis: This counts for about 80% of the cases that are reported in the various hospitals. The urinary and genital pain for this type of Prostatitis can last between 2 to 3 months. There will be no bacteria in the urine of the patients but have other signs of inflammation and it can be confused with interstitial cystitis.
- Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis: This is caused by a continuous urinary tract infections that enters the prostate gland. It last for so many years before revealing some symptoms which are similar to acute bacterial Prostatitis but are less severe and can be treated very easily. Some of the treatments that can be used to treat it by using antibiotics for about 3 to 12 weeks.
General Causes of Prostatitis?
The actual bacteria that causes inflammation of the prostate gland cannot be easily seen as it can enter the prostrate through a backward flow into the urethra from an infected urine, semen or through a stool from the rectum. Firstly, it was found out that, Prostatitis is caused through sexually transmitted disease but recent study shows that, only in a small number of patients the cause is sexually transmitted disease.
You can easily get Prostatitis if you engage yourself in any of the following activities:
- Having a rectal intercourse,
- Have had a recent bladder infection and
- Have an enlarged prostate.
Another cause can also be autoimmune disease.
Some of the prostatitis symptoms that will show that you have been infected are as follows:
- Urge in frequent urinate
- Faces difficulty when urinating
- Feels pains when urinating
- Experiences pain chill and fever when urinating
- Feel pains in the lower part of the abdomen and around the anus.
A doctor will quickly refer you to an urologist (that’s a doctor who is specialized in the diseases that affects the urinary tract and also the male reproductive system) if he notices that, you have been infected with Prostatitis or any problem relating to it.
Patients who are infected by Prostatitis undergo a number of exams which includes a digital rectal exam. This will help the doctor to know whether your prostate is large or tender. If after the exams and no result has been found, he will let you undergo another tests such as biopsy, voiding studies (which comprises of the collection and the analysis of urine in order to determine which part of the urinary system is affected) and transrectal ultrasound.
Treatment of Prostatitis
The most conservative way of treating Prostatitis is to sit in two or three inches of warm water and take in some anti – inflammatory drugs.
If the Prostatitis is chronic, an antibiotics needs to be taken for a longer time usually 11 weeks. Most of the patients who ate infected with this type use this treatment method to cure it.
Prostate inflammation can also be cause by yeast infection. You will find more information in the video bellow.